Nacido el 10 de octubre de 1813 en Parma, Italy. Fallecido/a el 27 de enero de 1901 en Milano, Italy.
Verdi, child of the people, king of popular opera, began life as the son of an innkeeper. He was brought up in modest circumstances. He first received lessons from the village priest, who was amazed by the young musician’s talents. Verdi’s musical education was rounded and complete: at the age of sixteen, the composer wrote fugues, masses and symphonies, which he would later destroy. As he met with reticence in Milan, he settled in Busseto where he fell victim to the pettiness of the town. However, his strong willpower enabled him to pursue his musical path without paying heed to what people said.
As early as 1838, Verdi was thinking of the opera and composed his first theatrical works in the style of Donizetti and Bellini. His first great success came in 1842 with the premiere of Nabucco at the Scala. Verdi was admired, celebrated, copied and envied. Without respite, Verdi composed numerous works and won great acclaim for his Romantic opera. Rigoletto, Il Trovatore, La Traviata and Aida bear witness to Verdi’s art.
With refined orchestral colours, a unique sense of lyricism and lively choral writing, Verdi strengthened dramatic cohesion and attained an apogee with Othello and Falstaff, which transpose Shakespeare’s universe into music. Taking that Italy is the homeland of opera, Verdi was worshipped there like a god. “Viva Verdi!” was chalked on walls and the musician remained fervently patriotic. Far from Wagner, Verdi shines for his humanism and his great moral strength, which is brilliantly reflected in his music.FR - ES - EN